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  • Battle of Kettle Creek
    10:00 AM-12:00 PM
    February 11, 2017
    Co Rd 44, Tignall, GA 30668, USA
    Co Rd 44, Tignall, GA 30668, USA

    Source:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kettle_Creek

    The Battle of Kettle Creek (February 14, 1779) was a major encounter in the back country of Georgia during the American Revolutionary War. It was fought in Wilkes County about eight miles (13 km) from present-day Washington, Georgia. A militia force of Patriots decisively defeated and scattered a Loyalist militia force that was on its way to British-controlled Augusta.

    The victory demonstrated the inability of British forces to hold the interior of the state, or to protect even sizable numbers of Loyalist recruits outside their immediate protection. The British, who had already decided to abandon Augusta, recovered some prestige a few weeks later, surprising a Patriot force in the Battle of Brier Creek. Georgia’s back country would not come fully under British control until after the 1780 Siege of Charleston broke Patriot forces in the South.

    Background

    The British began their “southern strategy” by sending expeditions from New York City and Saint Augustine, East Florida to capture the port of Savannah, Georgia in late 1778. The New York expedition, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Archibald Campbell, arrived first, landing at Tybee Island on December 3, 1778, and successfully captured Savannah on December 29, 1778.[4]

    British occupation of Augusta

    When British Brigadier General Augustine Prevost arrived from Saint Augustine in mid-January, he assumed command of the garrison there and sent a force under Campbell to take control of Augusta and raise Loyalist forces.[5]

    Leaving Savannah on January 24, Campbell and more than 1,000 men arrived near Augusta a week later, with only minimal harassment from Georgia Patriot militia on the way. Augusta had been defended by South Carolina General Andrew Williamson leading about 1,000 militia from Georgia and South Carolina, but he withdrew most of his men when Campbell approached. His rear guard briefly skirmished with Campbell’s men before withdrawing across the Savannah River into South Carolina.[6]

    A 1926 map reconstructing the arrival routes of the forces at the battlefield. The British route is highlighted in blue, the Patriot route in red.

    Campbell started recruiting Loyalists. By February 10, 1779, about 1,100 men signed up, but relatively few actually formed militia companies, forming only 20 companies of the British Army. Campbell then began requiring oaths of loyalty, on pain of forfeiture of property; many took this oath insincerely, quickly letting Williamson know their true feelings. Early in his march, Campbell dispatched Major John Hamilton to recruit Loyalists in Wilkes County and Lt. Colonel John Boyd on an expedition to raise Loyalists in the backcountry of North and South Carolina. Boyd met with success and recruited several hundred men. As he traveled south back toward Augusta, more Loyalists joined his company until it numbered over 600 men in central South Carolina.[7] As this column moved on, the men plundered and pillaged along the way, predictably drawing angered Patriots to take up arms.[8]

    American response

    The Continental Army commander in the South, Major General Benjamin Lincoln, based in Charleston, South Carolina, had been unable to respond adequately to the capture of Savannah. With only limited resources (he was short of both men and funds), he was able to raise about 1,400 South Carolina militia, but did not have authorization to order them outside the state.[9] On January 30, he was further reinforced at Charleston by the arrival of 1,100 North Carolina militia under General John Ashe. These he immediately dispatched to join Williamson on the South Carolina side of the Savannah River near Augusta.[10]

    The Georgia banks of the Savannah in the Augusta area were controlled by a Loyalist force led by Colonel Daniel McGirth, while the South Carolina banks were controlled by a Georgia Patriot militia led by Colonel John Dooly.[11] When about 250 South Carolina militia under Colonel Andrew Pickens arrived, Pickens and Dooly joined forces to conduct offensive operations into Georgia, with Pickens taking overall command.[12] They were at some point joined by a few companies of North Carolina light horse militia.[13]

    Lieutenant Colonel Elijah Clarke, portrait by Rembrandt Peale

    On February 10, Pickens and Dooly crossed the Savannah River to attack a British Army camp southeast of Augusta. Finding the camp unoccupied, they learned that the company was out on an extended patrol. Suspecting they would head for a stockaded frontier post called Carr’s Fort, Pickens sent men directly there while the main body chased after the British.[12] The British made it into the fort, but were forced to abandon their horses and baggage outside its walls.[14] Pickens then besieged the fort until he learned that Boyd was passing through the Ninety Six district of South Carolina with seven to eight hundred Loyalists, headed for Georgia. He reluctantly raised the siege and moved to intercept Boyd.[14][15]

    Pickens established a strong presence near the mouth of the Broad River, where he expected Boyd might try to cross. However, Boyd, his force grown by then to 800 men, chose to go to the north. He first tried Cherokee Ford, the southernmost fording of the Savannah River, where he was met with some resistance known as the Engagement at McGowen’s Blockhouse. The encounter consisted of a detachment of eight Patriots commanded by Capt. Robert Anderson with two small swivel guns in an entrenched position, who thwarted Boyd’s approach to Cherokee Ford. Boyd moved north upstream about 5 miles (8.0 km) and crossed the Savannah River there, skirmishing with a small Patriot force that had shadowed his movements on the Georgia side.[8][16] Boyd reported losing 100 men, killed, wounded, or deserted, in the encounter.[17]

    By the time Pickens learned that Boyd had crossed the river, he had himself crossed into South Carolina in an attempt to intercept Boyd. He immediately recrossed into Georgia upon learning of Boyd’s whereabouts. On February 14, Pickens caught up with Boyd when he paused to rest his troops near Kettle Creek,[8] only a few miles from Colonel McGirth’s Loyalist camp.[18]

    Battle

    A 1926 map reconstructing the tactical movements in the battle. No contemporary maps of the battlefield have been found.[19]

    Boyd was apparently unaware that he was being followed so closely, and his camp, even though guards were posted, was not particularly alert. Pickens advanced, leading the center, with his right flank under Colonel Dooly and his left under Georgia Lieutenant Colonel Elijah Clarke. Gunfire between Patriot scouts and the camp guards alerted Boyd to the situation. Boyd formed a defensive line near the camp’s rear and advanced with a force of 100 men to oppose Pickens at a crude breastwork made of fencing and fallen trees. Pickens, whose advance gave him the advantage of high ground, was able to flank this position, even though his own wings were slowed by the swampy conditions near the creek. In heavy fighting, Boyd went down with a mortal wound, and the small company retreated back to the main Loyalist line.[16]

    The Patriot flanks then began to emerge from the swamps. The Loyalists, led by Boyd’s second in command, Major William Spurgen, engaged the Patriots in battle for 90 minutes. Some of the Loyalists crossed the creek, abandoning horses and equipment. Clarke alertly noticed some high ground across the creek that they seemed to be heading for and led some of his men there, having his horse shot from under him in the process. The Loyalist line was eventually broken, and its men were killed, captured, or dispersed.[20]

    Aftermath

    Treatment of prisoners

    Pickens took 75 prisoners, including most of the wounded, and between 40 and 70 Loyalists were killed. He suffered 7 to 9 killed and 14-23 wounded or missing in the battle.[3]Many of Boyd’s men (including some that escaped the battlefield and others that Pickens paroled) returned home. A significant number were either captured or surrendered themselves to Patriot authorities in the days following the battle, and the fate of some of his men is unknown.[21] Lieutenant Colonel Campbell reported that 270 of Boyd’s recruits eventually joined him.[18] He organized them into the Royal North Carolina Regiment.[21]

    When Pickens approached the mortally wounded Boyd after the battle, the Loyalist leader, who had lived in South Carolina before the war and was known to Pickens, asked the Patriot leader to deliver a brooch to his wife and inform her of his fate. This, Pickens eventually did.[17]

    Of the Loyalist prisoners, only about 20 survived their wounds. Pickens first took them to Augusta, and then Ninety Six, where they were held along with a large number of other Loyalists. Seeking to make an example of them, South Carolina authorities put a number of these Loyalists on trial for treason. About 50 of them were convicted, and five men, including some of the men captured at Kettle Creek, were hanged. British military leaders were outraged over this treatment of what they considered prisoners of war, even before the trial was held. General Prevost threatened retaliation against Patriot prisoners he was holding, but did not act out of fear that other American-held British prisoners might be mistreated. His invasion of coastal South Carolina in April 1779, a counter-thrust against movements by General Lincoln to recover Georgia, prompted South Carolina officials to vacate most of the convictions.[22]

    British reaction

    In a council held in Augusta on February 12, Campbell decided to abandon Augusta and began the withdrawal to Savannah on February 14 at 2AM, the morning of the battle.[23][24] Contrary to opinions expressed by some historians, Campbell did not leave because of the battle’s outcome. He did not learn of the battle until after he had already left Augusta; his departure was prompted by the arrival of 1,200 of patriot General John Ashe’s forces in General Andrew Williamson’s camp across the Savannah River, a shortage of provisions, and uncertainty over whether Boyd would be successful in his mission.[18][23] The success of Kettle Creek was undone to some extent by the subsequent British victory at the March 3 Battle of Brier Creek, which took place during Campbell’s retreat in present-day Screven County.[25]

    The Kettle Creek battlefield, 2010

    Augusta was latter recaptured by the British in June 1780 after Patriot forces collapsed in the aftermath of the Siege of Charleston. It was retaken by siege by Patriot forces on June 5, 1781.[26]

    Legacy

    The Kettle Creek Battlefield has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[27] Most of the battlefield is owned by Wilkes County, although the full extent of locations where the action took place has not been identified.[28] It is located off Tyrone Road in Wilkes County.[29]

    See also

    Notes

    1. Jump up^ Historical accounts variously call the Loyalist leader either James or John Boyd. Research conducted in 2008 suggests that John is the more probable name. (Elliott, p. 83)
    2. ^ Jump up to:a b Wilson, p. 88
    3. ^ Jump up to:a b c Elliott, p. 95
    4. Jump up^ Russell, pp. 100–103
    5. Jump up^ Ashmore and Olmstead, p. 86
    6. Jump up^ Wilson, pp. 84–86
    7. Jump up^ Wilson, p. 86
    8. ^ Jump up to:a b c Wilson, p. 87
    9. Jump up^ Mattern, p. 62
    10. Jump up^ Mattern, p. 65
    11. Jump up^ Ashmore and Olmstead, p. 89
    12. ^ Jump up to:a b Ashmore and Olmstead, p. 91
    13. Jump up^ Elliott, p. 40
    14. ^ Jump up to:a b Ashmore and Olmstead, p. 92
    15. Jump up^ Russell, p. 105
    16. ^ Jump up to:a b Ashmore and Olmstead, p. 94
    17. ^ Jump up to:a b Ashmore and Olmstead, p. 99
    18. ^ Jump up to:a b c Piecuch, p. 139
    19. Jump up^ Elliott, p. 97
    20. Jump up^ Ashmore and Olmstead, pp. 97–98
    21. ^ Jump up to:a b Elliott, p. 96
    22. Jump up^ Davis, pp. 174–178
    23. ^ Jump up to:a b Wilson, p. 89
    24. Jump up^ Hall, p. 84
    25. Jump up^ Wilson, pp. 90–98
    26. Jump up^ Hall, pp. 104, 110–112
    27. Jump up^ National Park Service (2008-04-15). “National Register Information System”. National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
    28. Jump up^ Elliott, p. 124
    29. Jump up^ “Kettle Creek Battlefield”. Washington-Wilkes Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on 2012-04-23. Retrieved 2011-12-30.
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  • George Washington Birthday Party-Colson’s Mill
    6:30 PM-8:00 PM
    February 16, 2017
    17236 Frog Pond Rd, Oakboro, NC 28129, USA
    17236 Frog Pond Rd, Oakboro, NC 28129, USA

    Please join the Colson’s Mill Chapter of the Society of Sons of the American Revolution in celebrating the birthday of our founding father, George Washington

     

    Thursday, February 16 at 6:30pm

    Pleasant Grove Baptist Church

    (Fellowship Hall)

    17236 Frog Pond Rd, Oakboro, NC

    GW Invite 2017

    Oakboro, North Carolina 28129

     

    Guest Speaker

    Tom Phlegar

    Past President and current member, Mecklenburg Chapter, NC SAR

     

    Mr. Phlegar will share his presentation on “The Southern Campaign of 1780 and 1781″

     

    A supper buffet of various Southern dishes will be prepared by Dwight S. Eudy, Member, Colson’s Mill Chapter.

    Donations for the meal and the SAR’s ongoing efforts to preserve our Revolutionary War history will be graciously accepted

     

    Daniel S. Burleson, President, Colson’s Mill Chapter, NCSSAR

    Please RSVP me by February 14 with you and your guest’s reservation: dbnut8@yahoo.com or 704-438-1531

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  • 236th Anniversary Commemoration of the Crossing of the Dan
    10:00 AM-1:00 PM
    February 18, 2017
    303 Thomas St, South Boston, VA 24592, USA
    303 Thomas St, South Boston, VA 24592, USA

    Crossing the Dan

    On Saturday, February 18th at 10:00AM, the SAR and DAR will host the annual Crossing of the Dan Commemoration in the Prizery.  The program will include greetings and the presentation of wreaths by SAR, Daar and local officials.  The Master of Ceremonies will be Dr. Phil Wiliams.  Dan McMichael, protraying General Nathanael Greene, will present the keynote address.

    Following the morning program, guests are invited to visit the permanent exhibit located on the third floor of the Prizery and the outdoor exhibit at the Boyd’s Ferry site on teh Dan River.  A Brunswick stew lunch will be available for a cost of $5.

    Weather permitting, a dramatic re-enactment of the Crossing of the Dan by British and Colonial troops will culminate the day’s activities.  A replica of a ferry boat will transport troops across the river as muskets and cannons fire.

    Crossing the Dan

    Reenactment of the Crossing of the Dan River

    If you would like to present a wreath, please Contact Anne Raab at rstaab@comcast.net or Bernard Baker at bernie.sar@gmail.com for more information.

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  • President Abraham Lincoln in Charlotte for President’s Day
    6:00 PM-9:00 PM
    February 23, 2017
    Hilton Charlotte Executive Park, Westpark Drive, Charlotte, NC, United States
    Hilton Charlotte Executive Park, Westpark Drive, Charlotte, NC, United States


    SOLD OUT!

    President Abraham Lincoln, our 16th President of the United States, joins the Mecklenburg chapter for our President’s Day Community Dinner in Charlotte beginning at 6:00pm at the Charlotte Executive Park Hilton! Make your plans to attend now!

    Historical actor Dennis Boggs presents an enlightening, informative, and educational look at the life of the 16th President as it might have been told by Abraham Lincoln himself. From Lincoln’s birth in the wilderness of Kentucky to his early years in Indiana and Illinois… from storekeeper to self-taught lawyer and politician… through his years as President during the Civil War and his death at the hands of an assassin in Ford’s Theater.

    SOLD OUT!

    Mr. Boggs has researched countless books and papers and has diligently designed a presentation that encompasses fifty-six years of Abraham Lincoln’s life.

    This special President’s Day event in Charlotte is perfect for all ages, groups, families and anybody who loves the history of the American Revolutionary War!

    SOLD OUT!

     

    Join the Mecklenburg SAR chapter and special guest President Abraham Lincoln for our annual President's Day Community Dinner on February 23, 2017 in Charlotte.

     

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  • Lower Cape Fear Chapter Meeting-Cape Fear Country Club
    6:00 PM-9:00 PM
    February 24, 2017
    1602 Country Club Rd, Wilmington, NC 28403, USA
    1602 Country Club Rd, Wilmington, NC 28403, USA

    Cape Fear Country Club

    The Lower Cape Fear Chapter will host PG J. Michael Tomme and First Lady Cilla Leed Tomme at dinner at the Cape Fear Country Club, 1518 Country Club Rd, Wilmington, NC 28403

    Cost for the meal will be $45 per person.  RSVP by 10 Feb 2017 to:

    John O. Thornhill
    1314 W. Charity Rd
    Rose Hill, NC 28456-8512

    As the featured speakers, PG Mike Tomme and First Lady Cilla will present “Colonial Living during the American Revolution”

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  • Battle of Moore’s Creek
    10:00 AM-4:00 PM
    February 25, 2017

    40 Patriots Hall Drive, Currie, NC, United States

    40 Patriots Hall Drive, Currie, NC, United States

    Moore's Creek Bridge

    Please join us as we celebrate the 241st Anniversary of the Battle of Moores Creek Bridge, the 1st Patriot victory during the war for Independence.  Activities will include musket and cannon demonstrations throughout both days, as well as demonstrations of colonial trades such as blacksmithing, candle dipping, spinning, cooking, gardening, powder horn making, colonial toys and games, live music, and much more.  For up to date information, please follow us on Facebook at www.facebook.com/moorescreeknps.  The event is FREE and activities will take place on Saturday and Sunday, February 25-26, 2017 from 10:00 am-4:00 pm.

    The combined North Carolina SAR Color Guard and North Carolina DAR chapters will commence a memorial walk on Saturday February 25 starting at the visitor’s center at 10:00 AM.  There will be wreaths presented at the Women’s Momunment, at the Moore Monument, at the Loyalist Monument and finally at the Patriot John Grady Monument.

    RSVP to get your wreath properly recognized.

    March to the Mounuments

    March to the Mounuments
    NC SAR Color Guard

    NC SAR Color Guard
    Firing Mother

    Firing Mother

    Vendors will be available for lunch at the Battleground.  In addition, around 11:30 AM following the event a fund-raising lunch will be served at the Currie Community Baptist Church.  The cost will be $10 per person; reservations for the meal must be made with John Thornhill by 10 Feb 2017.  Seating is limited; reservations for the meal are required.

    28396 Nc Highway 210
    Currie, NC 28435

    The cost will be $10 per person; reservations for the meal must be made with John Thornhill.  Cell phone contact: (910) 284-0232

    Moore's Creek Battleground Map

    Moore’s Creek Battleground Map

    Overnight accomodations have been reserved at the Hampton Inn University Area in Wilmington.  Reservations for the Inn may be made:

    Hampton Inn Wilmington University Area
    124 Old Eastwood Road Wilmington, NC 28403
    Main: 910.791.9899
    Fax: 910.791.9895

    http://hamptoninn.hilton.com/en/hp/groups/personalized/I/ILMEWHX-SAR-20170223/index.jhtml

    The Battle of Moores Creek Bridge- February 27, 1776

    The Battle of Moores Creek Bridge, fought between North Carolina Patriot and Loyalist militia forces, demonstrates the bitter internal divisions that marked the American Revolution. The Loyalist, mostly Scottish Highlanders wielding broadswords, charged across a partially dismantled Moores Creek Bridge, nearly a thousand North Carolina Patriots waited quietly with cannons and muskets poised to fire. Expecting to find only a small Patriot force, the Loyalist advanced across the bridge. Shots rang out and 30 to 70 Loyalist lay wounded or dead, including Lt. Col. Donald McLeod, who led the charge. Stunned, outgunned, and leaderless, some of the Loyalist surrendered, while others retreated in confusion.

    Moores Creek is the site of the first Patriot victory in the American Revolution and the site of the last Scottish Highland broadsword charge. The victory ended British authority in the colony and stalled a full-scale British invasion of the South for nearly four years. The resulting Halifax Resolves of April 12, 1776, instructed North Carolina’s delegates the Continental Congress to vote for independence; it was the first American colony to take such action.

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